Royal Peacock

Pavo Cristatus

The Royal Peacock, also known as the Blue, Indian or Common Peacock, is originally from the Indian Subcontinent.

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Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata

Class Aves

Order Galliformes

Family Phasianidae

Genus Pavo

Species P. cristatus


he Royal Peacock, also known as the Blue, Indian or Common Peacock, is originally from the Indian Subcontinent. It has great sexual dimorphism. In males, the head, neck, the front of the chest and the beginning of the mantle are bright blue and metallic. On the head, they have a white and black face mask and a crest with a very characteristic shape, bordered in blue. The mantle has a metallic green color, as does the back of the chest and the abdomen. The wings are streaked with beige and dark brown, the secondary feathers are black and the primary feathers are orange. The supra-caudal feathers of metallic green color have long beards and ocelli of blue and bronze color and these are 100 to 150 feathers that form the well-known “tail” of the male peacock. Underneath these dark brown feathers there are rigid feathers, which support the long supra-caudals during the bridal display. Thus, the tail measures 40 to 45 cm in males and 32 to 38 cm in females, but the supra-caudals reach 140 to 160 cm in males. Females have a crest similar to that of males, but its boarder is brown, and a plumage predominantly dark brown, with the exception of the back of the neck, which is metallic green, and the abdominal region which is light in color. They feed on seeds, berries, wild figs, insects, small reptiles and small mammals.

During reproduction, harems are formed, consisting of a male and three or four females. They are territorial and vocalize frequently during the exuberant wedding parade. The male raises the supra-caudal feathers, forming a fan with a pattern of ocelli of blue and bronze colors, on a metallic-green background, which shakes in a movement that makes the ocelli vibrate and produces a very characteristic sound. When the male turns his back to the female, he lowers and shakes the orange-colored primary feathers. If she is receptive, copulation may follow.

The nest is built on the ground and consists of a small depression outlined by leaves, usually hidden in a bush. The peahens usually lay 3 to 8 eggs, which are incubated for 28 to 30 days by the female alone. The peachicks are nidifugous.

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